Following a period of heavy and sustained alcohol or drug use, most individuals develop significant physical and emotional symptoms. While some of these physical problems can resolve with just rest, the use of drugs like alcohol, opiates (heroin, OxyContin, Vicodin, etc.) and tranquilizers (Valium, Xanax) usually need medically supervised detoxification or stabilization.
Detoxification is not treatment – only preparation for treatment. Detoxification must be followed by continued rehabilitative treatment for lasting improvement.
Settings of Care:
Almost always in hospitals or other residential facilities where medical care is available.
Methods of Care:
The treatments involve various medications to reduce withdrawal and physical discomfort.
Duration of Care:
Usually 3-5 days. More severe cases require a few more days.
1. Reduced physical and emotional instability caused by substance use.
2. The patient is motivated to recognize and accept that there is a problem that she or he can address.
3. The patient is engaged in some form of continued rehabilitative care.