Rehabilitation is appropriate for patients who are no longer suffering from the acute physical or emotional effects of recent substance use. Rehabilitation care typically offers an array of treatment components to help to address the many health and social problems associated with substance use.
Settings of Care:
Most rehabilitative care for addiction occurs in specialty “programs” that include the components described above. If a person has very serious substance use and/or a life situation that has gotten so out of control that they cannot become sober even with treatment in their living situation – they should seek residential rehabilitation. Most other, less severe forms of substance use can be rehabilitated in outpatient settings that provide essentially the same components of care.
Methods of Care:
Medications can help reduce craving for drugs and/or help with co-occurring medical or emotional illness. Individual, group and family therapy helps assist with understanding the specific issues that may have led to the addiction and that will have to be faced again following treatment. Assistance and guidance in developing a new drug-free lifestyle are also important parts of rehabilitation.
Duration of Care:
Most residential rehabilitation programs last 21-30 days, 8-12 hours per day. Outpatient rehabilitation programs are typically 60-90 days, where patients spend 2-8 hours per day, 2-5 days per week.
1. Sustained elimination of alcohol and other drug use.
2. Improved health and social function.
3. Engagement in continuing care, personal therapy, mutual help groups and/or other healthy lifestyle changes to sustain the improved health and function.